In behavior, all parents expect their children to do something good. When a child does something that violates the rules, then of course the parents will be disappointed or disappointed. In society, children who like to violate are often assumed to be naughty children. Therefore, a way is needed so that a child no longer violates the existing rules. One way to make a child obedient in behavior is to apply punishment.
Punishment in everyday language is the provision of sanctions or punishments. In terms of terminology, punishment is an act that is done consciously and intentionally that causes suffering to someone who receives punishment, as a result of the mistakes he made. In relation to education, punishment is actually also included in repressive educational tools which are also called curative or corrective education tools. Suwarno in his book Introduction to Educational Sciences, as quoted by Rusdiana Hamid, stated that punishment is to intentionally give or suffer misery or suffering to the children who are our care, with the intention that the suffering is really felt, to lead to improvement. Punishment is the last act of offenses that have been repeated many times before. After being notified, confirmed and warned. Punishment is a direct consequence given to operant behavior that causes the behavior to decrease in frequency. The initial theory of the terms Reward and Punishment is a series discussed with reinforcement introduced by Thorndike in his observation of trial-and-error as the main basis of reinforcement (encouragement, support). With the strengthening of individual behavior or actions, it will get stronger, on the contrary, in the absence of strengthening the behavior, it will weaken. Reward and Punishment are included in the discussion of behavioral theory, namely Operant Conditioning which was created by Skinner which means behavioral conditioning. In terms of punishment, there are also types of punishment.
By applying punishment to negative behaviors, it is hoped that the behavior will not be repeated and in the end the behavior can be reduced or even eliminated. With the application of positive punishment, it will also indirectly provide benefits to children in the form of discipline and moral formation in children.
HAM, B. P. (2016). Pengaruh Reward dan Punishment terhadap Kinerja Pegawai di Lingkungan Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia. Jakarta Selatan: CV.Persada Mandiri Utama
Putri, L. (2020). Penerapan Punishment Sebagai Upaya Pembentukan Perilaku Disiplin Santri Di Pondok Pesantren Daarul Ma’arif Natar Lampung Selatan. (Skripsi). Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Raden Intan Lampung.
Setiawan, W. (2018). Reward dan Punishment dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Islam. Al- Murabi, Vol. 4, No. 2, 184-201.
Zamzami, R. (2015). Penerapan Reward dan Punishment dalam Teori Belajar Behaviourisme. Ta’limuna, Vol. 4 , No. 1.