Currently, the teacher-centered learning approach or teacher-centered learning is not suitable, and shifts to a student-centered learning approach or student-centered learning. It is intended that students actively participate in learning activities, motivate students to learn independently, increase student discipline and responsibility in learning and make learning activities more fun.
Teacher-centered learning is considered to reduce student productivity or activity in learning, causing learning outcomes to decline. This is because students are passive in class, and tend to learn only by listening to explanations, memorizing formulas without understanding concepts, summarizing assignments.
To overcome this, students are given the opportunity to study independently, be more active in class, collaborate or discuss with their friends to understand important concepts and principles of learning material. Teachers must be more creative and innovative in creating meaningful and effective learning.
The reason is that there are many models or learning methods that are student-centered, one of which is project-based learning.
Project-based learning method or project-based learning is a method that is centered on the project work process, has a certain period of time, focuses on problems, meaningful learning that combines concepts from a number of components, both knowledge, disciplines, and fields. The implementation of project based learning itself is usually done collaboratively in heterogeneous groups. This means that students do learning together with their groups.
Project based learning is considered effective for increasing student potential, learning activities, and student motivation. Because in this method students are encouraged to design a problem and find a solution on their own. The advantages of implementing project based learning in the classroom are helping students think creatively, solutively and critically, helping students to design processes to determine outcomes, students being more disciplined and responsible in working on a project, students being able to manage information well and produce real products from student creativity. which can then be presented in class.
Before implementing project based learning, make sure the teacher already knows the syntax or steps. In addition, there are also several things that need to be considered and done to implement project based learning so that it runs smoothly and effectively, such as the following:
- Determine the Project to be Created
When implementing project based learning, it means that there are projects that must be created. Teachers and students can collaborate or discuss to convey ideas about what projects will be made according to the discussion material. The teacher provides opportunities for students to convey their respective ideas so that students are more creative and responsible in making the project later.
- Create a Work Schedule
In making a project definitely takes time to work. The teacher can give a certain period of time for students to work on the project. Then each student in their respective groups makes a more structured work schedule, so that the results are on time. This helps students to be more disciplined and responsible.
- Teachers Become Companions and Directions for Students
When working on project assignments, students are not simply released but are still accompanied and directed by the teacher. This helps them in doing good projects and maximum results.
- Good Cooperation
To expedite the process of learning activities with project-based learning, good cooperation is needed, starting from school principals, teachers, students, and up to the community (parents, partners). Everyone has their own role in the implementation of project-based learning.