When a child does something that violates the rules, the most effective thing to do is to give punishment, but the punishment given must be positive and support the child’s development both from the psychomotor and socio-emotional aspects. With the application of positive punishment, of course, the child will become more obedient to the rules while continuing to carry out the developmental tasks that must be passed. But what if the child has done something good or has made an achievement in his activities? Of course all parents would agree to think that the child deserves a gift. In the world of psychology, this gift can be meaningful as a reward. By giving a reward, a child will tend to increase this behavior even more. There needs to be a stimulus or stimulus that is often referred to as a reinforcer which functions as a reinforcement of the response that has been carried out by someone, this stimulus is in the form of providing motivation. Psychology recognizes the term as reinforcement.
Sulzer-Azaroff and Mayer (in Nur Sholehan Saputri, 2019) state that Reinforcement occurs scientifically which is the result of interactions that we do everyday with our social and physical environment or may be planned as part of a behavior modification program used. to change someone’s behavior. Reinforcement is behavior in responding positively to a certain behavior that allows the behavior to reappear. Through the definition put forward by Hasibuan (in Heryana Try Astuti, 2016), it can be said that Reinforcement can be in the form of praise that can motivate a behavior in carrying out certain activities. Meanwhile, Eysenk (in Fatimah) argues that Reinforcement is an attempt to change human behavior and emotions in a beneficial way based on the laws of modern theory of the learning process. According to Moh. Uzer Usman (1995) reinforcement is all forms of response, whether verbal or nonverbal, which is part of the teacher’s behavior modification of student behavior, which aims to provide information or feedback to the recipient (student) for his actions as an act of encouragement or support. correct. Reinforcement is also said to be a response to behavior that can increase the likelihood of repeating the behavior. These actions are intended to reward or encourage students so that they are more active in participating in interactions in learning.
By applying reinforcement to children, it is hoped that positive behavior and achievements will arise more than the emergence of negative and destructive behavior. With reinforcement as well, a child feels that his efforts in doing something are appreciated so that a high self-confidence will appear in a child.
Fitriani, Samad, A., & Khaeruddin. (n.d.). Penerapan Teknik Pemberian Reinforcement (Penguatan) Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Fisika Pada Peserta Didik Kelas VIII.A SMP PGRI Bajeng Kabupaten Gowa . 195.
Lailiyah, L. (2008). Pemberian Penguatan (Reinforcement) Dalam Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Pendidikan Agama Islam (Pai) Siswa Di Smp Negeri 18 Malang . 23.
Heryana Try Astuti. 2016. Pengaruh Pemberian Reinforcement Terhadap Motivasi Dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas Iii Mata Pelajaran Pkn
Sdn Se-Gugus Ngudi Kawruh Kecamatan Karanglewas Banyumas. Skripsi. Universitas Negeri Semarang
Madjid, M. D. (2018). Penerapan Intervensi Modifikasi Perilaku untuk Meningkatkan Perilaku Kepatuhan dan Penyelesaian Tugas pada Anak Usia Sekolah dengan Masalah Impulsif dan Atensi. 17
Nur Sholehah Dian Saputri. 2019. Reinforcement. Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta 2019.