Living a healthy life by washing your hands frequently, washing your face and cleaning yourself and using hand sanitizer is a good thing to do to maintain a healthy body. Likewise, living carefully by always checking the stove or locking the door before leaving can prevent us from potential dangers that occur. the small, detailed activities that people do every day can improve the quality of life. With a good quality of life can make a person have a high level of happiness. However, if these activities are carried out repeatedly and cannot be controlled, then of course this is something that is not good. Because this can be a sign that someone is experiencing a mental health disorder, namely OCD.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or OCD is a form of mental health problem that makes sufferers have uncontrollable thoughts and impulses that are repetitive (obsessions) and the emergence of compulsive (compulsive) behaviors. Examples of compulsive behavior include washing hands repeatedly after making direct contact with something that he thinks is not clean. An obsession is a recurring thought, urge, or mental image that can trigger anxiety. Meanwhile, compulsions are repetitive behaviors. People with OCD will get the urge to perform behaviors in response to obsessive thoughts. While compulsions in general include washing hands repeatedly and excessively. You can also place an order or arrange something in a special and precise way. In addition, sufferers can also check several things repeatedly. For example, doing repeated checks to make sure the door is locked or the stove is turned off. A person with mental disorder OCD exhibits symptoms of obsessions, compulsions, or both. These symptoms can greatly affect aspects of the sufferer’s life. For example school, work, to relationships with other people. These thoughts and behaviors cannot be controlled by the sufferer. Although the sufferer may not have the thought or desire to do so, he seems powerless to stop it. This means that OCD can have a very significant influence on various aspects of the life of the sufferer.

Most adults who have OCD recognize that their behavior is unreasonable. However, not a few adults and children are not aware of this because OCD symptoms can come and go, subside over time, or even get worse. You can prevent symptoms from appearing by avoiding conditions that can trigger obsessions. However, there are also those who choose to consume alcoholic beverages or sedatives to reduce their symptoms.

Although this disorder cannot be cured in the medical world, there are several ways that can be done so that the symptoms of OCD can be mild, namely by doing therapy using drugs and psychotherapy. psychotherapy is also believed to be quite effective for treating OCD in adults and children. Certain types of psychotherapy, including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and other therapies (eg, habit-reversal training) have as good an effect as taking medication for some people with OCD. In addition, a type of CBT called Exposure and Response Prevention (EX/RP) provides effective results in reducing the frequency of occurrence of compulsive behaviors in OCD.


Finka Nur Indira, d. (2021). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Cbt) Bagi Penderita Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Ocd) Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 19-34.

Hammas Zulfikar Ikhsan, d. (2019). Sistem Pakar Mendeteksi Gangguan Obsessive Compulsive Disordermenggunakan Metode Backward Chaining. Transformtika, Vol.17, No.1, 10-17.

Shoaakazemi, M., Javid, M. M., & Tazekand, F. E. (2014). The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Reduction of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms in Girl Students. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences , 159 (2014) 738 – 742.

Suryaningrum, C. (2013). Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) Untuk Mengatasi Gangguan Obsesif Kompulsif. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan , Vol. 01 No. 01. Google Scholar.