Music is able to make people able to express their emotions be it sad, happy, excited, and angry. Music is also capable of changing human emotions, so that not a few people listen to music either during breaks or at work/school. Various people like various genres such as pop, jazz, dangdut, and metal. The music they listen to tends to be soft, different from metal music, so many people think that this music tends to be negative like anarchist behavior and the lyrics contain swear words. This makes parents afraid when their children become deviant because they often listen to metal songs. Then what is the impact that occurs when someone likes loud songs like this?

According to Putrawan, metal or underground music is a type of music that has a fast tempo with the character of a vocal sound using the ground tone or the lowest tone. Metal music originally developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s throughout much of Britain and the United States. The origins of metal music are rooted in blues rock and psychedelic rock music, which at that time were indeed being carried out by legendary bands such as Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and AC / DC which, although not purely metal bands, held a strong foundation of metal music. alone.

Metal music evolves over time by giving birth to new sub-genres. According to Grimonia, metal music is divided into subgenres, namely black metal, trash metal, death metal, grindcore, grunge, alternative metal and deathcore. Each of these subgenres has its own characteristics such as Deathcore which is unique with its lyrics that tell about death, hell, demons and things that smell mystical. However, several subgenres of metal began to emerge, such as white metal, Christian metal and even Islamic metal subgenres.

According to several case studies conducted by researchers, there are several effects of listening to metal songs, including:

Research conducted by Paula Rowe and Bernard Guerin from the University of South Australia entitled Contextualizing the Mental Health of Metal Youth: A Community for Social Protection, Identity and Musical Empowerment found that metal music has a positive influence on people aged 18- 24 years old. In the study, 5 women and 23 men felt that music “protected” them from mental illness.

Another study was conducted by David M. Greenberg, et al. entitled Musical Preferences are Linked to Cognitive Styles (2015) shows that someone who listens to rock music tends to have logical and more complex thoughts than those who don’t listen to that music.

From these 2 studies it can be concluded that listening to metal music can reduce a person’s emotional sense, especially young people. In addition, listeners are able to explore the full range of emotions they are feeling, while at the same time generating active and inspiring feelings.



Daffa, M. (2020, Maret 1). Sejarah Musik Metal dan Jenis-Jenis Musik Metal [Lengkap]. Retrieved from MUSIKPOPULER.COM:

Greenberg, D. M. (2015). Musical Preferences are Linked to Cognitive Styles. PLoS ONE, 10(7).

Rowe, P. G. (2018). Contextualizing the Mental Health of Metal Youth: A community for social protection, identity, and musical empowerment. Journal of Community Psychology, 5.

Utomo, D. (2022, November 15). Musik Metal: Katarsis untuk Jaga Kesehatan Mental Menurut Ilmiah. Retrieved from Sampai Jauh:

Wisnubrata, P. (2019, Oktober 5). Musik Metal dan Dampaknya Bagi Kesehatan, Baik atau Buruk? Retrieved from Kompas: