One of the way that humans can understand each other’s intentions and goals is to communicate. There are many ways of communicating that can be done by humans. A person can communicate verbally, non-verbally, in writing or visually with other people. Communication is very important in one’s life, because with communication, misunderstandings in a matter can be minimized. The same is true of early childhood communication. Communication carried out by toddler is not less important as communication is carried out by adults. Early childhood communicates to convey intentions and goals and desires in themselves. But unfortunately because the vocabulary mastered is still limited, so often the intent and purpose cannot be conveyed properly.
According to Ken, Adam in Atmanegara (2006:23) a child aged 3-3.5 years is able to have a word count of up to 1000 words. And according to Watts via Parera (1993: 119) it is estimated that the vocabulary mastery of non-academic adults is approximately 10,000 and for educated adults and experts it is approximately 150,000. From these data it can be concluded that there are significant differences in vocabulary mastery owned by early childhood and adults. In addition, a descriptive observational study using secondary data in the form of tympanometry, OAE and ABR results at the Neurotology Subdivision Clinic of the ENT-KL Period January 2010-March 2012 found the fact that there were 452 patients with delayed speech with an age range of 1-5 years accompanied by impaired speech. hearing. Therefore, it is important for adults, especially parents, to monitor the development of language in children, so that parents can understand the meaning and goals that children want to convey to them.
According to Lenneberg (in Purwo 1997) children’s language development is in line with their biological development. This is used as the basis why children at a certain age can speak, while children at a certain age cannot speak. However, in its development, in general, children have almost the same language acquisition components, both in their phonological development, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. This is of course seen in terms of normal child language development.
By understanding language development in toddler, this can minimize or even prevent problems that could potentially occur in a child’s language development. Therefore, understanding the language development of a child is very important, especially for parents out there.
Marisa, R. (2012). Permaslaahan Perkembangan Bahasa dan Komunikasi pada Anak. Jurnal Pendidikan, 167-180.
Sarah Novi Lia Sari, Y. D. (2015). Angka Kejadian Delayed Speech Disertai Gangguan Pendengaran pada Anak yang Menjalani Pemeriksaan Pendengaran di Bagian Neurootologi IKTHT-KL RSUP Dr. Moh. Hoesin. JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DAN KESEHATAN, 121-127, Volume 2, NO. 1.
Tiarnita M.S. Siregar. (2007). Menganalisis Kalimat Pada Anak Usia Dini (2-3 Tahun/ Siswa Play Group), 80-93.
Zubaidah, E. (2004). Perkembangan Bahasa Anak Usia Dini dan Teknik Pengembangannya di Sekolah. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 459-479.