Currently almost everyone understands how to access cyberspace. Internet users in Indonesia are increasing from year to year. Data obtained from Internet World Stats shows the number of internet users in Indonesia in November 2015 has reached 78 million people and is ranked fourth in Asia after China, India and Japan. Meanwhile, according to a survey from We Are Social, data on internet users in Indonesia in January 2016 reached 88.1 million, of which 79 million were active social media users, 15% of them were active Facebook users and nearly 50% of their users were teenagers aged 13-29 years. With the development of technology, many people are trying to adapt to having social media. But unfortunately, social media is also often used to express negative emotions that sometimes harm other people
Unichef defines cyberbullying as bullying/bullying using digital technology. This can happen on social media, chat platforms, gaming platforms, and mobile phones. Meanwhile, according to Think Before Text, cyberbullying is aggressive and purposeful behavior carried out by a group or individual, using electronic media, repeatedly from time to time, against someone who is considered not easy to fight against this action. So, there is a power difference between the perpetrator and the victim. The difference in strength in this case refers to a perception of physical and mental capacities. In Indonesia, the number of teenagers who are victims of cyberbullying is reported to be 80%, and almost every day teenagers experience cyberbullying (Safaria, 2016). According to the United Nations Children’s Fun (UNICEF) report in 2016, cyberbullying victims in Indonesia reached 41-50% (Harususilo, 2018).
Factors that can influence the occurrence of cyberbullying (Dewi & Sriati, 2020), include the experience of environmental violence which is an indicator of the level of cyberbullying crimes, especially among adolescents with low parental monitoring (Khoury-Kassabri et al, 2019), Lack of supervision from parents and freedom given without any control can trigger adolescent involvement in cyberbullying. Friends have a major influence on the tendency to become perpetrators of cyberbullying (Fatih et al., 2015). However, peers can also mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and dissatisfaction experienced by adolescents (Merrill & Hanson, 2016), and the intensity of use of social media or the internet is related to incidents of cyberbullying in adolescents. Daily use of social media for more than two hours increases the incidence of cyberbullying by 66% (Athanasiou et al., 2018). Adolescents who use social media are 1.16 times more likely to be involved in cyberbullying (Duarte et al., 2018). There is a significant positive relationship between cyberbullying and media use (Müller et al., 2014). However, there is no relationship between the use of social networking sites and cyberbullying (Zsila et al., 2018). Therefore, the role of parents, schools and the selection of good peers can be used as early prevention so that cyberbullying does not occur because it can have a negative impact on a child’s development.
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