Have you ever met a student who is difficult to manage? Never pay attention in class? Do you like to argue and maybe even make trouble by disturbing his friends? It must have been. Then what do you usually do? Angry? annoyed? Yes, as a human what you feel is a natural thing.

But of course as a teacher, you must manage the emotions you felt earlier. The journey as a teacher is certainly not as smooth as the toll road. You will certainly meet students with the above behavior. Not infrequently, students with these actions are often referred to as naughty students.

Is it true that students are naughty? What is the true definition of naughty? What are the causes of misbehavior in students? Could it be that delinquency could be due to a mental health disorder? You can find answers to all these questions in this article.

Students who are considered naughty certainly do not just happen. There must be a contributing factor. The following are the factors that cause delinquency in students according to Psychotherapist and author of the psychology book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do, Amy Morin.

  1. Seek attention, when students want attention from the teacher and don’t get it, then throwing a tantrum or hitting is one of the ways chosen. Even though they know that they will be scolded after doing such a naughty act, a student still uses it as a way to get attention. They want teachers around them to see, talk and give them their full attention.
  2. By imitating others, students learn to behave by looking at other people. Whether it’s by watching the naughty actions of friends at school or from the spectacle on television.
  3. Testing patience, when teachers set rules for students about what they shouldn’t do, students generally want to know how serious their parents are with those rules.
  4. Lack of skills, usually student behavior problems arise due to lack of skills. A student who lacks social skills may hit another child when he is not happy.
  5. Unable to control emotions, students often do not know what to do with the feelings they have. Finally, they are more easily angry and become aggressive.
  6. Showing power, challenging and argumentative behavior often occurs when a student tries to regain his power.
  7. Unmet needs, when students feel hungry, tired or sick, bad behavior usually follows.
  8. Having mental health disorders, sometimes students have mental health disorders that cause their behavior to be problematic.

Mental health disorders can be one of the causes of delinquency in students. Some mental health disorders that often make children considered naughty are as follows.

  1. CD (Conduct Disorder), CD is defined as a disruptive behavior disorder in children and adolescents and is characterized by persistent violations of the rights of others or societal norms/rules. Symptoms that can be seen include being cruel to other people or animals, likes to cause trouble and lacks empathy or compassion for creatures that are hurt. Other symptoms of CD that can be observed are often threatening, often lying, often pressuring or intimidating friends and other people, often starting physical fights, behaving cruelly or hurting other people and even animals, stealing, often taking advantage of others with the aim of getting an advantage, often running away from home, often leaving the house without a clear purpose (hanging out) and often skipping school.
  2. ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder), this behavior is characterized by repeated patterns of disobedience, hostile behavior, challenging authority figures without going too far in violating the rights of others. Symptoms of ODD can be seen before the age of 8 years. ODD behaviors that can be observed include being angry, argumentative towards adults, rejection of rules, intentionally annoying others, blaming others, sensitive and easily irritated, angry, resentful, vindictive, aggressive towards peers and difficulty maintaining friendships.
  3. ADHD (Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), ADHD is a mental disorder characterized by attention deficit disorder or hyperactivity. ADHD itself can be seen before the age of 7 years. Symptoms of ADHD can be grouped into three groups, namely inattention (difficulty concentrating/focusing attention, in the form of being easily distracted, doesn’t seem to listen when spoken to), hyperactivity (always moving, often restless, difficult to stay calm in the long term) and impulsivity (difficult to wait). turn).
  4. SAD (Separation Anxiety Disorder), SAD is an anxiety disorder that can occur when students feel excessive anxiety. appears by displaying angry and agitated behavior through a shout or running. Students with this behavior can occur when they experience anxiety when separated from those closest to them, such as parents.
  5. SPD (Sensory Processing Disorder), ketika murid dilabeli sebagai murid yang nakal, tak jarang mereka memiliki perilaku sensory processing disorder. Perlu Murid dengan perilaku sensory processing disorder terkesan tidak bisa diam, suka berteriak hingga sering menyentuh atau menggigit sebuah barang.

Seeing the number of mental health disorders that may be suffered by students, there is nothing wrong if teachers also begin to understand about these mental health disorders. Understanding mental health is not the responsibility of the teacher (counseling guidance) alone. Mental health education also needs to be done in schools. This knowledge of mental health can help teachers to be able to deal with the situation of students who often cannot do well. Knowledge about mental health can also prevent teachers from stigmatizing.

There are no bad students. Students who are considered naughty may be due to mental health disorders. This of course needs to be understood by the teacher. Teachers who can identify mental health problems experienced by their students can help find solutions. Start by communicating with parents, inviting students to meet school psychologists or who are often referred to as counseling guidance teachers. Even if needed, you can ask for help from related experts, such as psychological psychologists.

Thus students with mental health disorders can be helped immediately. They will be able to return to doing good and obeying the rules. Teachers will also be able to carry out their duties in educating well and smoothly. The learning process will also run smoothly without interruption. Other students can also study quietly, without fear of being disturbed by their friends. There are no bad students.